Chatt News in the Celina Democrat, 1917 (part 2)

Today, continuing on with some Chattanooga news, as published in The Celina Democrat in 1917.  

On 11 May 1917 the paper announced the dedication of Zion Lutheran’s new brick church in Chatt. The old frame church had not been moved yet and still stood very close to the new church. I found it interesting that they had a fare-well service in the old church before the dedication services in the new church. Also interesting is that additional dedication services were held on Monday and Tuesday. It must have been quite an event.

The Celina Democrat, 11 May 1917.

New Evangelical Lutheran Edifice at Chattanooga
To Be Dedicated Sunday-Interesting Day and Evening Program Arranged for Event
Next Sunday, May 13:h, the new church of Zion’s Evangelical Lutheran Congregation at Chattanooga, Liberty township, will be dedicated to the service of the Triune God. And the members of the congregation desire to extend a cordial invitation to all their friends and acquaintances to come and rejoice with them in the fact that an undertaking which presented many difficulties and required many sacrifices has, by the blessing of God, been successfully finished and that the members of Zion’s congregation at last possess a worthy and beautiful house of worship.

The following is the order of the Dedicatory service:
9:30 a.m.—A brief fare-well service in the old church.
9:45 a.m.—Formal sermon by Rev. J.F.C. Soller of Youngstown, O, and an English sermon by Rev. H.J. Schuh of Anna, O.
2:00 p.m. Afternoon Service–Rev. Geo. Haas, of Napoleon, O, will preach the German and Rev. Paul Brockhaus of Oak Lawn, Ill, the English sermon.
8:00 p.m. Evening Service—Rev. L. Loehr of Montra, O, and Rev. W.N. Emch, of Fort Recovery, O, will be the speakers, both in the English language.

Beside the congregational singing, which is in itself an essential feature in every Lutheran service, there will be special singing by various choirs, viz.: the Mixed Choir and the Male Choir of Zion’s church, the Male Sextet of St. John’s church, Celina, O, and the Male Choir of St. Paul’s church of Liberty township.

The time designated is Sun Time. Dinner and supper will be served in the basement of the new church for the nominal cost of 25c. a meal.

Additional services will be held on Monday and Tuesday evenings, Rev. G.F. Reitz, of Celina, O, will preach on Monday evening and Rev. H.N. Brobst, of Coldwater, O, on Tuesday evening. The organist, Miss Bernice Heffner, will be assisted on the pip organ by Miss Clara Sunderman of Ft. Recovery and by Mrs. Rev. Brobst, of Coldwater.

May God grant his blessings in these services to all who will be present. (11 May 1917, p.1)

The old frame church and new brick church, 1917.

From the same paper, other local Lutheran churches were encouraged to attend the dedication. This refers to St. John, Celina:

The Celina Democrat, 11 May 1917.

What happened to Zion Chatt’s old frame church? The 9 Feb 1917 Celina Democrat, p.1, tells that Floyd Vining purchased the old church. Great information! This piece also gives some other interesting information:

Celina Democrat, 9 Feb 1917.

I vaguely remember the old frame church building, just north of Chatt, used as a garage before it was torn down. I assume it remained in the same location that Floyd Vining moved it to in 1917? Does anyone know for sure? 

The old frame church, used as a garage, 1980.

A piece about local Luther Leagues meeting at Zion Chatt, 17 Aug 1917 p.1:

The Luther Leagues of Mercer County and Salamonia, Indiana, will hold their fifth annual convention at Zion’s Church at Chattanooga on Labor Day, Monday, September 3.

[The schedule for the day, beginning at 10:00 a.m., was also printed. Some individuals involved]: Elizabeth Yeager, Salamonia; Mary Siebert, Hopewell; Clara Schroeder, St. Paul, Washington Township; Celina’s choir; Theodore Weinmann, St. Paul Liberty; Fort Recovery choir; Rev. Hugo G. Schmidt, Middletown, O; Rosa Betzel. The event included a basket dinner at noon and an evening lunch and concluded with an evening service at 7:30 p.m.

John Leistner’s obituary, 6 April 1917, p.1:

The Celina Democrat, 6 Apr 1917.

Mrs. Frank Hinton’s obituary, 12 Jan 1917, p.1, 8:

The Celina Democrat, 12 Jan 1917.

Mrs. Otto Wendel’s health update, 12 Jan 1917, p.1:

The Celina Democrat, 12 Jan 1917.

The tragic accident of Walter Brehm, reported 26 Jan 1917, p.8. Sadly, Walter died 2 days later, on 28 January 1917 and is buried at St. Paul UCC Cemetery. Walter Brehm (1895-1917):

The Celina Democrat, 26 Jan 1917.

I will publish more news items from The Celina Democrat in upcoming blog posts.

Tombstone Tuesday-Rose Symbol

A rose signifies beauty, hope, or unfailing love.

Rose symbol, Greenlawn Cemetery, Wapak, OH.

Rose symbol, Greenlawn Cemetery, Wapak, OH.

During the Victorian Age the rose symbol was frequently used on the tombstones of women or young girls.

The growth stage of a rose can be an indication of a person’s age. A rosebud, broken bud, or a rose in partial bloom represents a child. A rose in full bloom represents a mature person.

Rose symbol, Greenlawn Cemetery, Wapak, OH.

Joined rosebuds symbolize a strong bond between two people. Several rosebuds on the same branch represent secrecy. A wreath of roses signifies beauty and virtue. 

Rose symbol, Greenlawn Cemetery, Wapak, OH.

A red rose symbolizes martyrdom and a white rose symbolizes purity.

Rose symbol, Swamp College Cemetery, Mercer County, OH.

Rose symbol, Willshire Cemetery.

It is said that the rose in Paradise did not have thorns but acquired them on earth to remind man of his fall from grace. However, the rose’s fragrance and beauty remained to suggest to man was Paradise is like.

Rose symbol, Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Schumm, OH.

Rose symbol, Willshire Cemetery.

Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Schumm, OH.

Roses are sometimes associated with the Virgin Mary, the “rose without thorns.”

Chattanooga News in 1917

What was going on in Chattanooga a little over 100 years ago? Thanks to a reader, I learned that a few years of The Celina Democrat newspaper (years 1910-1918) are on the Library of Congress website. Chatt is a few miles from Celina but the paper occasionally published Chattanooga news. And some Willshire news as well, even though Willshire is in another county.

The Celina Democrat was established in Celina in 1895 by Charles C. Carlin and George W. Phillips. It called itself ”the home paper of Mercer County” and referred to Celina as…”the Reservoir City-the biggest little town on earth—the hub of the universe.” The Celina Democrat was a weekly paper, published on Friday, and usually consisted of 8 pages. Its front page focused on local and state news and the interior pages included national and international articles. Local items included local business items, classifieds, real estate advertisements, legal notices, obituaries, marriages, local news and personal gossip that was organized by town name. The Celina Democrat ceased publication in 1921.

As I browse through this newspaper will share some Chatt and Willshire news. Today, few Chatt and Chatt-area news items from The Celina Democrat in 1917:

C.L. Vining, late candidate for County Auditor, made The Democrat a pleasant call a few days since while looking after some business matters down at the hub. Mr. Vining has gone into business at Chattanooga, having, but recently purchased the Merkle store there. His host of friends down this way will surely wish him unstinted business success.
[4 May 1917, p.1]

The Celina Democrat, 4 May 1917.

To Have Patriotic Meeting and Pole-Raising Next Sunday Afternoon—Expect Big Crowd
The people of Chattanooga and vicinity will participate in a flag raising next Sunday afternoon at half past two o’clock, and an invitation is extended to everybody in the county to witness the raising of Old Glory and hear the interesting program that has been arranged.

Addresses will be delivered by Lieutenant H.O Jones of the United States Army, Rev. Paul Marsh of Decatur, Ind, and former Prosecuting Attorney B.A. Myers of this city.

Music for the occasion will be furnished by the Chattanooga Band and the Male Chorus, of Decatur, Ind.
[22 June 1917, p.1]

The Celina Democrat, 22 June 1917.

News concerning some Liberty and Blackcreek Township residents:

Lewis Fickert, of Liberty township, was thrown headfirst from a Ford, his nose split, his face badly cut and his body badly bruised, last Monday night, when the machine, driven by his brother, Otto Fickert, went into a ditch a mile and a half northwest of town. The latter drove the car off a culvert bridge while attempting to go around a heavy wagon. The driver was uninjured. [29 June 1917, p.1]

A valuable steer, belonging to John Kettering, of Blackcreek township, was instantly killed, when it was struck by lightning, during the storm of last Friday night.
[29 June 1917, p.1]

A barn on the Frank Hinton farm in Liberty township, seven miles northwest of this city, was completely destroyed by fire last Monday noon, together with its contents of hay, grain and farm implements. A small calf was cremated. The origin of the fire is unknown. [13 April 1917, p.1]

A large barn on the Charles Weitz farm in Liberty township, nine miles northwest of this city, was destroyed by fire of unknown origin about 11:30 last Sunday night, together with the contents which included a threshing outfit, farm implements and a quantity of hay and grain. [13 April 1917, p.1]

Chattanooga Party Enjoy Day at Soldiers’ Home
An automobile party from in and about Chattanooga motored to Dayton Sunday and spent the day at the Soldiers’ Home, where they took their dinners and had a jolly time. The party included Fred Meyers and family, John Regedanz and wife, Iven [sic] Johnson and wife, Mrs. Barbara Huffman, Mrs. Perry Gibbons and son Vernon, John Bollenbacher and wife, James Gibbons, Charley Regedanz and Clyde Grim and family.
[6 July 1917, p.1]


An article featuring Chatt’s bank:

A Financial Institution at Chattanooga That Has Gained Prestige Very Rapidly Since Its Organization, and Stands To-Day As One of the Pillars of Strength in the Financial World of Western Ohio.

The Farmers and Merchants State Bank of Chattanooga, has been gaining prestige at such rapid rate since its organization that it has taken its place as one of the Gibraltars of Finance in Western Ohio, as it is conducted with a conservatism that makes it a very reliable institution It was organized by business men of Chattanooga and little did these gentlemen realize although they were optimistic that the institution would make such rapid strides to the front. With such men at its head it naturally followed that it would be successful and it would be conducted on a sound and conservative basis.

The bank occupies a very commodious building and the interior is furnished with the latest banking furniture of the period and is arranged both for convenience of the officers and for the benefit of the public. Its safes are fire and burglar proof and in keeping with the style used by some of the leading banks of the country.

A general banking business is transacted and money is loaned at reasonable rates on the proper collateral, personal or mortgage security. All classes of accounts are solicited and proper treatment is assured all, rich and poor alike.

Four per cent interest is paid semiannually on all accounts. This is one of the distinctive features of the banking life of Mercer county and its hundreds of depositors fully realize the safety and convenience of this department…

Mr. William Flith is president of this bank while Mr. T.W. Baker is its able and efficient cashier. The above names represent business men of well known financial ability and under their guidance the Democrat feels that this institution will continue to prosper and be one of the important factors in the continued development of Chattanooga and Mercer county. [27 April 1917, p.9]

Former Chatt Bank, Google Earth, October 2008 photo.

And finally, for today:

Will Serve Without Compensation As Crop And Feed Commissioners-Some Pointers.
The following gentlemen have been appointed as Crop and Food Commissioners to look after their respective townships under the direction of the Ohio Branch, council of National Defense, an organization national in scope and reaching every nook and corner of the United States. [from Blackcreek & Liberty Townships]:
Blackcreek-George Hill
Liberty-Peter Linn
[27 April 1917, p.11]

I will post more news as I go through the issues of this newspaper.

Tombstone Tuesday-Louis F. & Cora E. (Roop) Schumm

Louis F. & Cora E. (Roop) Schumm, Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Van Wert County, Ohio. (2012 photo by Karen)

This is the tombstone of Louis F. And Cora (Roop) Schumm, located in row 8 of Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Schumm, Van Wert County, Ohio. The marker is inscribed:

Louis F.

Cora E.

April 5, 1913

Ludwig Friedrich “Louis“ Schumm was born 4 March 1892, the son of “River“ Henry and Magdalena “Lena“ (Geisler) Schumm. Louis was baptized at home on 20 March 1892, with Ludwig Schumm and Friedrich Kreiselmeyer serving as his sponsors. His sponsor Ludwig Schumm was his uncle and was also my great-grandfather.

Louis‘ father was known as River Henry because he lived near the St. Marys River and to differentiate him from several other Henry Schumms living in the area at that time.

Louis Schumm grew up in a large family. His father River Henry (1844-1922) was married twice and Louis was the oldest of the three children from his father’s second marriage. Louis grew up with two full siblings and eight step-siblings.

The children from River Henry’s first marriage to Anna “Rosina“ Schinnerer (1854-1890):
John Martin Schumm (1873-1954), married Lizzie Boroff
Clara Rosina Schumm (1875-1936), married Ernest George Dietrich
Minnie Schumm (1877-1958), married Martin H. Hofmann
Hannah Barbara Schumm (1878-1937), married George Merkle
Edward Ludwig Schumm (1880-1885)
Gustavus Jacob Schumm (1881-1951), married Dorathea Elizabeth Bienz
William Jacob Schumm (1883-1967), married Marie Sauer
Tillie Sarah Mathilda Schumm (1886-1971), married Ernest Theodore Merkle
Joseph Henry Schumm (1888-1957), married Edith May Smear
Carl Friedrich Schumm (1890-1893)

River Henry Schumm‘s first wife Rosina died in 1890 and the next year he married Lena Geisler (1868-1946). They had 3 children:

Louis Fredrick (1892-1974), married Cora Roop
Herman Andrew (1893-1984), married Anna Goellner
Theodore Gottlieb (1898-1967), married Leona Stetler

The River Henry Schumm family in 1910, living in Willshire Township: Henry, 65; Lena, 42, wife; Louis F, 18, son; Herman, 16, son; and Theodore, 11, son. [1]

Louis Schumm married Cora Eva Roop on 5 April 1913 at the Zion Lutheran parsonage at Schumm. They were married by Zion’s pastor, Rev. George J. Meyer. The church records note that both were from Willshire. Lillian E. Meyer, the minister’s wife, was the witness to their marriage.

Cora Eva Roop was born in Van Wert County 18 March 1884, the daughter of Jacob Lewis and Mary T. (Strickler) Roop.

The Jacob L. Roop family in 1900: Jacob, 55; Mary, 44, wife; Albert, 20, son; Cora, 16, daughter; and Lizza, 11, daughter. Cora attended school and her father Jacob was a farmer in Willshire Township. [2]

In 1910, Cora, age 26, single, resided with her parents on Sampson Street in Willshire. She worked for a private family at this time. [3]

Louis and Cora married three years later and in 1920 they lived on State Street in Willshire, where Louis worked as a house carpenter: Louis F, 28; Cora E, 34; and Robert William, 4, son. [4]

The Louis Schumm family in 1930, residing on State Street in Willshire: Louis F, 38; Cora E, 44 wife; Robert W, 14, son; Albert R, 12, son; Mary, 10, daughter; and Herbert, 1, son. Louis’ occupation was general carpentry. [5]  

The Louis F Schumm family in 1950: Lewis F, 58, was a carpenter; Cora E, 65, wife; Mary E, 25, daughter, never married, worked at the Farm Bureau Office; Herbert J, 21, son, never married, Church of God preacher.

Louis Schumm was one of the best carpenters and home builders around. In fact, Louis Schumm and Bill Baker built my parents’ home in 1957. Bill Baker, who was also a very good carpenter, learned from the best. I also remember Louis and Cora’s daughter Mary Schumm, who was a very talented musician. She played the harp and organ and probably even more instruments. She was my first organ teacher, back in the early 1960s. I learned a few years ago that Mary had also been a close school friend of my Aunt Ruth (Miller).

Louis and Cora Schumm resided in Willshire the rest of their lives. Cora (Roop) Schumm died 23 August 1971. Cora’s obituary:

WILLSHIRE-Mrs. Cora E. Schumm, 87, wife of Louis Schumm of Willshire, died at 11:20 a.m. Monday in Van Wert County Hospital, where she had been a patient for 10 days.

Born, March 18, 1884, in Willshire Township, she was the daughter of Jacob L, and Mary T. (Strickler) Roop.

Mrs. Schumm had attended Fort Wayne Business School and was employed at S.F. Bowser of Fort Wayne prior to her retirement. She attended churches in the Willshire area regularly. She and her husband celebrated their golden wedding anniversary in 1963.

Survivors in addition to her husband include: three sons, the Rev. Robert W. Schumm of Dixon, Ill., Elbert R. of Rt. 1, Rockford, and the Rev. Herbert I. Schumm of N. Andover, Mass.; a daughter, Mary Elizabeth Schumm of Willshire; 11 grandchildren and six great-grandchildren. A son, sister and brother are deceased.

Funeral services will be at 2 p.m. Thursday at Zwick Funeral Home, Decatur, Ind. with the Rev. Robert Schuler officiating. Burial will be in Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Schumm. [6]

Louis F. Schumm died 16 January 1974. His obituary:

Louis F. Schumm, former Willshire council head, dies.
Louis F. Schumm, 81, of 639 Fort Recovery Road, Willshire, O., a contractor and builder for 60 years and a past president of the Willshire town council, was dead on arrival at the Van Wert, O., county hospital at 10 a.m. Wednesday. Death was unexpected. Mr. Schumm, a member of the Zion Lutheran Church at Schumm, was a well-known and lifelong resident of the Willshire area.

Born in Willshire township, Van Wert county, on March 4, 1892, he was the son of Henry and Magdalena Geissler-Schumm
[sic] and was married on April 15, 1913 [sic], to Cora E. Roop, who died on August 23, 1971.

Surviving are four children, Rev. Robert W. of Dixon, Ill.; Elbert R. of route 1, Rockford, O., Miss Mary Elizabeth Schumm of Willshire, O.; and Rev. Herbert I, of North Andover, Mass.; one brother, Herman of Port Gibson, N.Y.; 11 grandchildren and nine great-grandchildren. One son, four half-sisters, one brother, Theodore, and four half-brothers preceded him in death.

Funeral services will be held Saturday at 2 p.m. (Ohio time) at the Zwick funeral home, with Rev. Robert D. Schuler officiating. Burial will be in the Zion Lutheran cemetery at Schumm. Friends may call at the funeral home after 7 p.m. tonight (Ohio time). Preferred memorials are to the Lutheran Hour.

Louis and Cora (Roop) Schumm had the following children:
Robert W Schumm, Rev. Dr. (1915-2003), married Delora Maude Burk
Elbert R. Schumm Sr (1918-1978), married Elva Jan Martin
Mary Elizabeth Schumm (1920-2016)
Frederick Arthur Schumm (1923-1923)
Herbert Ivan Schumm, Rev. (1928-2018), married Priscilla Ruth Bonell

[1] 1910 U.S. Census, Willshire, Van Wert, Ohio, ED 114, p.3A, dwelling & family 50, Henry Schumm;, viewed 6 Jun 2022.

[2] 1900 U.S. Census, Willshire, Van Wert, Ohio, ED 97, p.7, dwelling 133, family 147, Jacob L. Roop;, viewed 6 Jun 2022.

[3] 1910 U.S. Census, Willshire, Van Wert, Ohio, ED 114, p.12A, dwelling, family, Jacob F Roop;, viewed 6 Jun 2022.

[4] 1920 U.S. Census, Willshire, Van Wert, Ohio, Ed 146, p.11A, dwelling 126, family 127, Louis F. Schumm;, viewed 6 Jun 2022.

[5] 1930 U.S. Census, Willshire, Van Wert, Ohio, ED 22, p.4B, dwelling & family 105, Louis F Schumm;, viewed 6 Jun 2022.

[6] Cora Eva Roop Schumm memorial no. 34047065, Find a

[7] Decatur Daily Democrat, Decatur, Indiana, 17 Jan 1974.


1822-era Camp at Willshire

Last Saturday, as part of Willshire’s Bicentennial celebration, they replicated an 1822-era encampment on the banks of the St. Marys River, behind Willshire’s Legion. We enjoyed talking with and learning from the reenactors and demonstrators. If you missed or could not attend the event, here are some photos from the camp.

Camp along the St. Marys River.

The cannon was fired several times during the day.

A weaving demonstration.

Furs, including a buffalo hide, used as a blanket.

Surveying items used during that time period.

Captain James Riley.

Three Rivers Tinsmith.

Baskets, fruit butters, deer antler buttons, and other items.


A wooden shoe demonstration.

Note the St. Marys River in the background.

I was pleased to learn that the flagpole came from our woods, a couple miles from Willshire.

Thank you to all involved in providing this enjoyable and informative event.