Tombstone Tuesday-Wilhelm & Peter Linn

Wilhelm & Peter Linn, St. Paul Lutheran Cemetery, Liberty Twp, Mercer County. (2023 photo by Karen)

This is the tombstone of Wilhelm and Peter Linn, located in row 4 of St. Paul Lutheran Church Cemetery, Liberty Township, Mercer County, Ohio. The tombstone is inscribed:

Geb. 1877
Gest. 1878
Geb. Und Gest.
1883  Sohns von

Wilhelm, born 1877, died 1878; Peter, born and died 1883, Sons of J & K Linn.

Wilhelm and Peter were the sons of Jacob (1838-1919) and Katharina (Mueller) (1839-1913) Linn. Their parents were born in Bavaria, married there, and three of their sons, Jacob, Henry, and Philip, were born in Bavaria. The family immigrated to America in 1872 and settled in Liberty Township south of Chattanooga, where five more sons were born to the couple.

Their mother Katharina (Mueller) was the sister of my great-grandfather, Jacob Mueller. The Mueller name was later Americanized to Miller.

Son Wilhelm Linn was born in Liberty Township on 17 January 1877. [1] Wilhelm died in Liberty Township on 3 August 1878, at the age of 1 year, 6 months. His cause of death appears to be recorded as teething. [2]

Peter Linn was born in Liberty Township on 14 February 1883. [3] Peter died in Liberty Township on 1 March 1883 from spasms/fits. He was 14 days old. [4]

Wilhelm and Peter had six brothers who lived to adulthood, Phillip, Jacob, Christian, Henry, John, and Fredrick.

[1] “Ohio, County Births, 1841-2003,” Mercer, Vol. 1, p.202, William Linn, 17 Jan 1877;

[2] “Ohio, County Death Records, 1840-2001,” Mercer, Vol. 1, p.118, William Linn, 3 Aug 1878;

[3] “Ohio, County Births, 1841-2003,” Mercer, Vol. 1, p.376, Peter Linn, 14 Feb 1883;

[4] “Ohio, County Death Records, 1840-2001,” Mercer, Vol. 1, p.186, Peter Linn, 1 Mar 1883;

Flag Day

Old Glory. The Stars & Stripes. The Grand Old Flag. The Star-Spangled Banner. The Red, White, and Blue. The American Standard. The United States Flag. These are all nicknames for our American Flag.   

Some other, less familiar nicknames for our flag are The Banner, The National Flag, The Colors, The Standard, The Symbol of Freedom, The Patriot’s Flag, The National Ensign, The Emblem, The American Colors, and The Freedom Flag.

Today is Flag Day. A day of national observance to commemorate the adoption of the United States flag by the Second Continental Congress on 14 June 1777.

American flag flying at Willshire Cemetery, Memorial Day 2023

Our American flag is a symbol of freedom, national pride, patriotism, democracy, and unity. It represents our country’s values, history, and people. Our flag is recognized around the world.   

In 1885 a Wisconsin schoolteacher urged his students to observe 14 June as Flag Birthday. In 1916 President Woodrow Wilson issued a presidential proclamation establishing a national Flag Day on 14 June. In 1949 Congressional legislation designated 14 June as national Flag Day.

Flag Day is not a national holiday, but many Americans celebrate the day by displaying the flag. Some communities have parades and ceremonies.

In 1777 the Continental Congress adopted a resolution that the flag of the United States be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field indicating a new constellation. The 13 stars represented each of the 13 colonies. Over time, the number of stars has increased as states were added.

Old Glory has undergone 27 official design changes since is adoption in 1777.

The current American flag design, with 50 stars, has been used since 4 July 1960, after addition of the 50th state, Hawaii.

The red color symbolizes valor and bravery, the white color symbolizes purity and innocence, and the blue color represents vigilance, perseverance, and justice.

Resthaven Memory Gardens, Auglaize County, Ohio. (2014 by Karen)

Our Flag is protected by the U.S. Flag Code, which provides guidelines for its proper display, handling and disposal. The American Flag should be handled with respect and should not touch the ground. It should be illuminated during the dark if flown 24 hours a day. The American flag should be disposed of properly, not discarded in the trash.

The nickname Old Glory originates from a flag owned by 19th-century American sea captain William Driver, who flew the flag during his career at sea and later took it to Nashville, Tennessee.

Old Glory still stands strong, representing our great nation and its values.

Remember to proudly fly your American Flag today and show your national pride.

Tombstone Tuesday-Some Cemetery Terms

Occasionally we run across cemetery terms that are unfamiliar. Some terms have similar definitions and some terms are sometimes used interchangeably.  

Cenotaph–A monument placed on a grave to honor an individual whose remains are interred elsewhere or whose remains cannot be recovered. An empty grave, often used to memorialize the deaths of those lost in war or another part of the world.

Cenotaph, St. Paul Lutheran Cemetery, Liberty Township.

Casket–A rectangular, decorative container for holding a body at the time of burial, usually constructed of wood or metal.

Coffin–A tapered, six-sided container for holding a body at the time of burial, usually constructed of wood. The words coffin and casket are often used interchangeably.

Vault–A sealed and lined container placed around a casket to prevent the grave from sinking and to protect the casket.

Interment–Burial in the ground, entombment in a mausoleum, or the scattering of cremains.

Mausoleum–An above-ground structure to house multiple deceased individuals within crypts. It may be indoor or outdoor, public, or private, for a specific family. It may contain sections for cremated remains.

Chattanooga Mausoleum, Chattanooga, Ohio

Crypt–A sealed enclosure for a casket, usually within a mausoleum.

Crypts  inside Chattanooga Mausoleum.

Sarcophagus–An above ground chamber for a casket entombment, usually made of granite or stone.

Sepulcher–A burial vault, crypt, or small room where human remains are laid to rest.

Entombment–Burial of a casketed body or cremated remains, within a crypt or niche, within a mausoleum, sarcophagus, or columbarium.

Cremains–Cremated remains.

Columbarium–A structure designed to hold cremated remains. It may be inside or outside, freestanding or part of a larger structure, sometimes housed within a mausoleum.


Niche–A space in a columbarium, mausoleum, or niche wall to hold an urn containing cremains.

Cremation Plot-An in-ground space that holds and urn with an individual’s cremains.  

Inurnment–Placement of cremains in an urn, followed by placement into a niche.

Scattering Garden/Cremation Garden–An area within a cemetery where cremains are scattered or buried.

Ledger Grave Marker–A decorative stone slab that covers the entire grave.

North Grove Cemetery, Celina

Epitaph–Text or a literary piece inscribed on a grave marker or memorial. Biographical information is not part of an epitaph.

80th Anniversary of D-Day

Yesterday was the 80th anniversary of D-Day. I watched some of the ceremonies on TV and saw U.S. D-Day veterans and grateful French citizens waving American flags.

Over 150,000 U.S., British, and Canadian troops stormed the Normandy beaches on 6 June 1944. The invasion was the largest amphibious assault in history.  

The heroic actions of those servicemen marked a turning point in WWII. If not for their bravery, the world might be a different place today. Their bravery helped overcome tyranny and eventually maintained freedom for many people in many countries.

These servicemen were true heroes and many paid the ultimate sacrifice for their actions. There are 4,426 names on the Memorial Wall at the National D-Day Memorial, 2,509 Americans and 1,917 Allies.

The opening scenes of the movie Saving Private Ryan are probably some of the most realistic depictions of D-Day. What those soldiers did, endured, suffered, and saw is unimaginable.

I do not know of any Mercer or Van Wert County servicemen who were on the Normandy beaches on D-Day. Maybe someone knows.

One of my relatives, Pvt. Edgar F. Schumm (1914-1944), died in battle at Montigny, France. His tombstone is at Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Schumm. At the same time his brother Richard was a Marine on Guam and another brother, Rinehart, was in a Virginia Army camp.  

PVT. Edgar F. Schumm, Zion Lutheran Cemetery, Van Wert County, Ohio. (2020 photo by Karen)

Another relative, Pfc. Victor Schueler (1924-1945), 85th Mountain Regiment, 10th Mountaineer Division, was wounded in action, recovered from his wounds, but died from a kidney infection a couple months later in Italy. His tombstone is at Saint Paul Lutheran Cemetery, Preble, Adams County, Indiana.  

On my paternal side, Pfc. Ralph J. Derickson Jr (1925-1945), 99th Infantry Division, was killed in action in Germany during the Battle of the Bulge. He is buried in Luxembourg but his cenotaph is in Riverside Cemetery, Geneva, Indiana.  

Some of the soldiers who survived D-Day are still living and some of them attended the ceremonies in France. A few said that at the time they were too young to join the military, but they lied about their age so they could join the fight.

We can never thank these brave men enough for their sacrifices.

They were the Greatest Generation and we must never forget them and what they sacrificed for freedom.  

Some Bennett Photos

I enjoy putting these information photos together, and today, some Bennett photos.

Vermont Bennett

Delaware Bennett

Henry Brandenburg Bennett

Lura (Monroe) Bennett

Greg Bennett

Fred Roesner

Edward Roesner

Louise (Roesner) Bennett